The following post was originally published in The Chronicle in Fall 2003. The Bates Center’s collections highlight the boundaries women as nurses crossed as well as the empowerment they created for themselves and for the profession. The basic idea of hiring nurses raised profound anxiety about class systems and private versus public spaces. Philadelphia’s nursing pioneers changed the idea of hiring nurses for quality care both at home and in hospitals. The history of nursing, and of healthcare, demonstrates the intersections of race, economics, and society, particularly in the decades leading to the ratification of the 19th Amendment.
My work with PACSCL’s grant funded digitization project, In Her Own Right, over the last year has been very rewarding. I worked on several aspects of the project, from scanning materials to transcriptions. The transcriptions of letters of recommendation for the seamstresses who worked at the Schuylkill Arsenal during the Civil War influenced me the most. While working on these transcriptions, I began to think about these women: who were they, how were they able to provide for their families during this time of war, and were black women among the seamstresses?
Bryn Mawr College digitized a portion of the M. Carey Thomas Papers for In Her Own Right, including letters to and from her companion Mary Elizabeth Garrett. They were progressive women who did important work, but they also held and expressed some problematic views.
Have you ever heard the term “romantic friendship”? During the time period covered by In Her Own Right, this practice grew to its height and then rapidly disappeared. Learn more about what they were and why this happened below.
On the evening of October 31st, 1895, an enthusiastic audience gathered at the Wesley A.M.E Zion Church for the opening ceremonies of the newly established Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital and Training School. While Philadelphia had a number of medical training schools, most refused to admit people of color. Being excluded from formal medical training, concerned community members gathered to find a way to train African Americans to be able to compete with others and find employment in the medical field. Read on to find out more about how Mercy Douglass Hospital came to be.
As we close out the month of November, In Her Own Right would like to highlight some of the brilliant Native American women who became doctors through the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania: Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte and Dr. Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill. After reading, search for “Womens Medical College of Pennsylvania” on our database site to learn more about the college and the women who attended.
Today marks the 139 years since the death of Quaker minister and activist Lucretia Mott on 11 November 1880. Born in 1793, Mott was a founder of the women’s rights movement and a leading advocate for abolition, peace, and other causes.
In honor of Halloween, this week’s post takes a look at Spiritualism, a mid-nineteenth and early-twentieth century movement that aimed to establish communication between the living and the dead through spirit mediums.
Don’t forget to join us at the Free Library tonight to learn more about In Her Own Right and the suffrage movement!
“Designing for Suffrage”
The PACSCL In Her Own Right Project and Craft Activity
October 30, 2019, 6:00 – 8:00 p.m.
Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central, 1901 Vine Street
By design, many of the large-scale woman suffrage events had their own “brand” — white dresses, sashes, rosettes, and pins. Much of the printed material also showcased the sophisticated graphic design skills of the organizers.
PACSCL’s In Her Own Right project gives you a window into this important women’s movement, with a display of original documents and facsimiles featuring these distinctive design elements. You also have an opportunity to make your own suffrage button, customizing the designs shown above and others — or making your own entirely.
While you’re at the In Her Own Right display, learn more about the project and the century of women’s activism that preceded the ratification of the 19th Amendment, by searching and browsing the project’s growing online collection of manuscripts, diaries, photographs, printed material and other resources.
And be sure to spend time at the more than 20 other displays, activities, and “turbo talks” from other institutions, many of them PACSCL members, that look at design both in and for Philadelphia-area archival repositories. The Design in the Archives evening is a signature event of Archives Month Philly, an annual celebration of Philadelphia-area archives.
To learn more about PACSCL’s In Her Own Right project, visit the project website or search/browse the online archive.
- Project website: http://herownright.pacscl.org/
- Searchable online archive with contextual essays: http://inherownright.org/
From 1867-1972, the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania (WMCP) compiled newspaper clippings scrapbooks, which covered topics relevant to the College, its Hospital (established in 1904), and women in medicine. The Drexel College of Medicine Legacy Center holds 27 of these scrapbook volumes; the first 8 volumes (1867-1920) are digitized for the In Her Own Right website. These scrapbooks uniquely capture the conflicting opinions on women in the medical profession.